By Halil Inalcik
This significant contribution to Ottoman heritage is now released in paperback in volumes: the unique unmarried hardback quantity (CUP 1995) has been largely acclaimed as a landmark within the learn of 1 of the main enduring and influential empires of recent occasions. The authors supply a richly certain account of the social and monetary historical past of the Ottoman quarter, from the origins of the Empire round 1300 to the eve of its destruction in the course of global struggle One. The breadth of diversity and the fullness of insurance make those volumes crucial for an figuring out of latest advancements in either the center East and the post-Soviet Balkan international.
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Extra resources for An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, vol. 1, 1300-1600
Muhammad AH was receptive to the idea of intervening in Greece not only because of his desire to act as a loyal vassal but also because of his own origins in Albania, his interest in establishing his rule in Greece, and the disruption that the revolt had caused in Egypt's trade with the Aegean. He accepted the sultan's call in return for promises that he would be appointed governor of both the Morea and Crete. Ibrahim Pa§a brought an expeditionary force of some 17,000 men to Crete Beginnings of Modem Reform: The Era of Mahmut II, 1808-1839 19 and then to the Morea (February 1825).
42 In order to gain the support of the mass of the people, Mahmut worked not only through their natural leaders among the ulema but also through a concentrated propaganda campaign unequaled in Ottoman history. He emphasized his own firmness, resolution, and enlightenment while pointing out the decrepit state of the Janissaries, their inability to defend the empire against its enemies, as shown in the campaigns against the Greeks and Persians, and the contrast between them and the modern and efficient Egyptian army.
13 But the agreement was not kept by the rebels. As the Segbans left the palace in accordance with the compromise, disarmed and without their uniforms, they were set upon by those waiting outside, while other mobs attacked and destroyed their barracks, killing those inside. A number of notables who had supported the reforms were killed, including Ramiz Pa§a and Kadi Abdurrahman. It seemed, indeed, that reaction had won out again. But Mahmut remained on the throne, firmly committed to reform, and now convinced that new corps could not be effectively built unless the old ones whose interests were being threatened were destroyed, that in fact reform could not be limited only to the military but had to 6 The Rise of Modern Turkey, 1808-1975 span the whole spectrum of Ottoman institutions and society.