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By Jay Winter

Lengthy ahead of Rwanda and Bosnia and the Holocaust, the 1st genocide of the 20 th century happened in Turkish Armenia in 1915. The essays during this assortment research how americans realized of this disaster and attempted to assist its sufferers. wisdom and compassion, despite the fact that, weren't adequate to forestall the killings, and a negative precedent used to be born in 1915. The Armenian genocide has haunted the U.S. and different Western international locations during the 20th century.

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So was the fate of native Indian tribes in the forests of Brazil. So too was the fate of the people of East Timor, a former Portuguese colony which had just declared its independence, following the invasion of East Timor by Indonesian troops in 1975. As new 57 58 59 Yad Vashem Archives, File no. 2002, Buday Tiborne, Dr. Gyori Palne and Dr. Mosonyi Laszlo, letter, 27 September 1977. Yad Vashem Archives, File no. 4962, Dara Skidelsky, letter, 24 July 1990. , Genocide, p. 229. Twentieth-century genocides 27 areas of genocidal acts emerged on the globe, it was clear that Churchill’s “terrible twentieth century” had yet to run its destructive course.

In some cases the commitment may span decades, as has been the case in Cyprus, divided between Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities. The United Nations does have military forces, drawn from its member States, most of them on “peacekeeping missions” around the world. Can they be effective in stopping the killing by one group of another, should it break out, or re-occur? As of 9 September 2000 these United Nations forces were, in descending numerical order: in Sierra Leone (12,474); in East Timor, forming a “transitional administration,” (9,352); in Lebanon (6,138); in Kosovo (5,748); in Bosnia (1,648); on the Golan Heights, as an “observer force” in the demilitarized zone between Israel and Syria (1,274); in Cyprus, along the Turkish–Greek divide (1,251); on the Iraq– Kuwait border (1,111); in Western Sahara (721); in Georgia (former Soviet Union) (328); in India and Pakistan, without powers to separate the warring factions in the disputed region of Kashmir (124); in Croatia (53).

No matter how young or old, they all could not escape the fate of being raped. We sent out coal trucks to the city streets and villages to seize a lot of women. ” Takokoro added: “After raping we would also kill them. Those women would start to flee once we let them go. ”52 Such was the fate of human beings whose only “crime” – judged to make them worthy of death – was that they had been born Chinese, just as the only “crime” of the Armenians between 1915 and 1922 was to have been born Armenian, the only “crime” of the Jews between 1939 and 1945 to have been born Jewish.

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