By K.-H. Narjes (auth.), P. Mathy (eds.)
In the concluding consultation of the symposium "Acid Deposition, a problem for Europe" held in Karlsruhe in September 1983, Dr. GINJAAR, the previous Minister of future health and Environmental safeguard of the Netherlands, emphasized the necessity for establishing a concerted study programme together with the results of pollution on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The Council of Ministers of the ecu group in 1984 followed a revision of the third group Programme on setting comprising agreement study and concerted motion within the box of the consequences of pollution in eco structures. those learn components have been additionally brought within the 4th R-D neighborhood Programme on atmosphere, followed via the Council of Ministers in 1986 and are topic back to agreement examine and concerted motion. The fee of the eu neighborhood is especially involved to extend the effectiveness of researcn tasks conducted in the nationwide programmes, and people undertaken on the neighborhood point. The fee has a tendency to boost an built-in clinical technique, together with not just the physico-chemical behaviour, the shipping and the deposition of airborne pollution but additionally the consequences of those pollution, specifically on residing organisms and ecosystems. in regards to the explicit factor of the results, the fee is attempting to boost and boost a multi-disciplinary process associating biologists, pathologists, eco physiologists, and experts of soil sciences, in the concerted motion, in addition to inside of coordinated learn projects.
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Injured trees are randomly distributed in part because of genetic diversity in resistance and susceptibility to ozone. Ozone injuries in white pine trees include a wide variety of foliar symptoms such as chlorotic mottling and premature loss of needles, decreased growth of individual trees, and mortality. No studies have shown a loss in volume productivity of white pine forests. Proof that these injuries were induced by ozone is based on a number of lines of evidence that include injury surveys with concomitant air quality measurements, dose-response studies with ozone, and tests with clones of individual trees observed to be resistant or susceptible in forests.
Les discussions durent maintenant depuis trop longtemps alors qu'il est urgent d'aboutir. Je Ie dirai egalement ames collegues dans trois jours chaque etat doit faire un geste de conciliation. Pourvuque chacun fasse un effort et que les mesures prises aient une reel Ie efficacite, la France, pour sa part, pourra accepter une decision allant moins loin que ce qu'elle esperait il y a quelques annees. J'ai beaucoup parle de l'Europe, et c'est normal. Mais notre pays -0- mene aussi une action nationale qu'il convient de souligner.
LES REMEDES PREVENTIFS OU CURATIFS Cela dit, aU-dela de la recherche proprement dite, dans Ie domaine de la prevention et pour ce qui est des solutions techniques que nous pouvons actuellement impulser, plusieurs dossiers europeens ont avance reellement depuis quelques annees. En meme temps, un certain nombre de questions attendent pour l'instant vainement des reponses concretes. Ne pas les evoquer retarderait encore leur traitement : je vais aussi m'en expliquer. La pollution automobile est Ie sujet sur lequel l'action europeenne a ete la plus visible.