By Bradford Mills
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Extra info for Agricultural Research Priority Setting: Information Investments for the Improved Use of Research Resources
ISNAR. 1997. Research program formulation. ISNAR Training Module. The Hague: International Service for National Agricultural Research. 1 Formulating Research Themes 1. For the following constraint tree, specify another lower level of causes below trypanosomiasis, tick-born diseases, and lack of feed and fodder. Add these lower level causes to the problem tree below. Low household nutrition Low household income FARMER CONSTRAINT Low milk output Trypanosomiasis Trypanosomiasus Poor animal health Poor animal nutrition Tick-born diseases Lack of feed and fodder EFFECTS Low genetic potential CAUSES LOWER LEVEL CAUSES Add level Adda alower lower level o ofcauses causeshere here 2.
The Use of Participatory Rural Appraisals by the Katumani Regional Research Program The mandate of the Katumani regional research program is to develop improved agricultural technologies for farming systems in five districts. Agroecological conditions vary greatly in these districts. So as a first step in the priority-setting process, five relatively homogeneous agroecological zones were identified. The priority-setting working group then decided to focus initial activities on identifying client constraints in the high-population zone with two rainfall seasons.
Cultural practices, transport costs to input and output markets, and unequal distribution of household assets add further variability, even within relatively homogeneous biophysical environments. As a result, technology needs and potential research impact tend to be location specific. Research organizations struggle to develop technologies that address specific client needs but are still applicable across a broad enough base to justify the research effort. A spatial framework for research evaluation can help research managers explore both the local relevance and broad applicability of potential research alternatives.