Download Age in the Welfare State: The Origins of Social Spending on by Julia Lynch PDF

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By Julia Lynch

This e-book asks why a few nations dedicate the lion's proportion in their social coverage assets to the aged, whereas others have a extra balanced repertoire of social spending. faraway from being the end result of calls for for welfare spending by way of robust age-based teams in society, the 'age' of welfare is an accidental end result of how that social courses are organize. the way in which that politicians use welfare country spending to compete for votes, alongside both programmatic or particularistic traces, locks those early institutional offerings into position. So whereas society is altering - getting older, divorcing, relocating out and in of the hard work strength over the lifestyles path in new methods - social rules don't evolve to capture up. the end result, in occupational welfare states like Italy, the USA, and Japan, is social spending that favors the aged and leaves working-aged adults and kids principally to fend for themselves.

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Additional info for Age in the Welfare State: The Origins of Social Spending on Pensioners, Workers, and Children (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics)

Sample text

Using housing tenure data from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS), I evaluate how well governments live up to their stated housing goals, and how this varies across age groups in the population. I derive the country’s housing policy goals from secondary literature (Boleat 1985; Balchin 1996) and from the responses of housing policy officials to a survey conducted by the European Union (EU) on housing policy priorities (Dumon 1992). For some countries, the housing policy priority is to promote home ownership among the widest possible swath of the population.

Generally speaking, the public occupationalist pension systems of Continental Europe spend the most per person, while the low-spending welfare states of the English-speaking world and recent developers Japan 4 The OECD Social Expenditure Database (OECD 2004) contains only spotty information on family policies and active labor market policies prior to 1985. 04 Sources: Expenditure data from OECD 2003a; GDP and demographic data from OECD 2003b. and Portugal spend the least on the elderly. Scandinavian welfare states, contrary to their reputation as big spenders, actually spend only moderately on the elderly on a per capita basis.

While in some countries providing an adequate standard of care to children and pregnant women is the most basic test of the health system, elsewhere either health benefits are not publicly provided at all to nonpoor, non-elderly citizens or access to specific benefits varies by age group. In still other countries, where health care is a universal benefit, in practice rationing may lead to unequal emphases on treatment for elderly and nonelderly patients. What is an appropriate age-sensitive measure of public health spending?

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