By Anita Chari
Anita Chari revives the main idea of reification from Marx and the Frankfurt institution to highlight the resistance to neoliberal capitalism now forming on the point of political financial system and the extra sensate, experiential point of subjective transformation. analyzing paintings through Oliver Ressler, Zanny Begg, Claire Fontaine, Jason Lazarus, and Mika Rottenberg, in addition to the politics of Occupy Wall road, Chari identifies practices in which artists and activists have challenged neoliberalism's social and political logics. by way of positioning the topic in uncomfortable or very unlikely destinations of wish, functional orientation, and remark, such practices divulge neoliberal capitalism's inherent tensions and contradictions.
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Extra resources for A Political Economy of the Senses: Neoliberalism, Reification, Critique (New Directions in Critical Theory)
Through the ascendance of “new public management” systems, a branch of neoliberal policy theory that seeks to remedy supposed ineﬃciencies in government institutions by modeling them along the pattern of corporations; 4. 46 In line with new public management ideology, governments have increasingly hired private-sector consultants and appointed senior managers from private ﬁrms. ”48 The key for the purposes of my argument is also to see that the triangulation between citizens, government, and corporations, the latter of which are increasingly embedded within government institutions themselves, create an opaque relationship between economics and politics, one that is as such less amenable to democratic contestation or perception.
61 NEOLIBERAL RESIGNIFICATION AND THE IMPASSE OF CRITIQUE As I have argued, neoliberalism as a discourse inverts classical liberal understandings of the relationship between the state and economy. The key consequence of this inversion is that the neoliberal restructuring of the relationship between economics and politics has resigniﬁed liberal forms of critique. In other words, liberal forms of critique have very diﬀerent political eﬀects under neoliberal conditions than they did under liberal ones.
On the one hand, as I emphasized earlier, the neoliberal state innovates economic policies that allow the state to regulate markets at a remove while obscuring its own role in fashioning economic outcomes. On the other hand, political economic approaches highlight the ways in which neoliberal economic policy increasingly erodes policymakers’ control of the economy. ”43 Moreover, even as economics has increasingly become the focus of domestic politics in the United States and Europe in the aftermath of 2008, it is important to consider that in the context of economic crisis, 32 N EO LI B ER AL SY M P TO M S low economic growth, and the austerity measures that have followed these economic developments, as Wolfgang Streeck and Daniel Mertens observe, the share of public ﬁnance that is available for discretionary spending has shrunk signiﬁcantly.