Download A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology by Kenneth Shields PDF

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By Kenneth Shields

This e-book explores the beginning and evolution of vital grammatical different types of the Indo-European verb, together with the markers of individual, demanding, quantity, point, and temper. Its relevant thesis is that lots of those markers will be traced to unique deictic debris which have been integrated into verbal constructions with a purpose to point out the 'hic and nunc' and diverse levels of remoteness from the 'hic and nunc'. The adjustments to which those deictic parts have been topic are considered right here within the context of an Indo-European language very various from Brugmannian Indo-European, many good points of which, it's argued, seemed purely within the interval of dialectal improvement. This publication demanding situations a number of conventional proposals in regards to the Indo-European verb; all reconstructions contained in it are firmly in line with extant facts and are consonant with proven rules of linguistic switch.

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Such an analysis avoids ad hoc explanations concerning the disappearance of the second dental phoneme. The *-u itself has traditionally been identified as a particle of some sort (cf. Brugmann [1904b:557], Marstrander [1919:94], Wright & Sayce [1954: 137], Thumb & Hauschild [1959:199], Burrow [1973:349], and Szemerenyi [1980: 245]' even though a precise description of the original nature of the patticle *-u and an explanation of its occurrence in the imperative are omitted in all of the references just noted.

It is usually assumed that in these forms a final *-t--has been lost both in Greek and Sanskrit, but the assumption is unnecessary. e. the thematic vowel plus the plural marker "-Ii: Likewise. it is usually thought that the OCS 3rd pI. aorist ending encountered in (id-)p "they went" reflects Indo-European ยท-ont. Again the assumption of a final *-t is unnecessary. An Indo-European final *-oN would have passed to Proto-Slavic *-uN which could have developed either into *-u > -'Is- or -~ = -po In this case the latter variant was chosen.

3 The Origin of the Copula *esIt is, of course, a well-known fact that the paradigm of the verb to be in Common Indo-European was suppletive in nature, with the roots "bhew- and "es- serving as bases for the paradigm. Although the nature and the distribution of both roots are fairly well understood in regard to that stage of Indo-European reconstructed by the comparative method, the original function of the root "es- in Pre-Indo-European is not nearly so uncontroversial or complete. In my opinion, it is no coincidence that the verbal root "es- and the deictic particle in "(e)s are homophonous.

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