By Heinz Kramer
Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the us and Europe. After the loss of life of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic significance has replaced yet now not lowered. this day Turkey is dealing with a very assorted international and safeguard coverage atmosphere. even though, Turkey is usually present process awesome inner switch. Many verified political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more puzzled by means of a growing to be a part of its humans. principally, there's the increase of political Islam and the resultant conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the talk approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies should reply to this improvement through adapting their guidelines. not anything under a re-examination and, finally, a re-orientation in kinfolk with either the USA and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This booklet undertakes a complete review and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and offers components of a brand new eu and American coverage towards a key strategic accomplice.
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Additional info for A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy)
The large group of organizations for the support of Kemalism that have become more lively during the recent battle between secularists and Islamists are of a somewhat mixed character because many are sponsored by the state although formally they are civil associations. The public-oriented activities of the main human rights organizations, the Turkish Human Rights Association (Türkiye Insan* Haklari* Dernegi*, or IHD* and the Turkish Human Rights Foundation (Insan Haklari Vakfi*, or IHV*, which have been able to attract international support, have contributed considerably to public awareness of human rights violations in Turkey.
2011 04:21:56 page_29 < previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 The character of Turkey's political parties as patronage mechanisms together with historically oligarchic structures of party leadership have often undermined the political expression of pluralism in intraparty processes and party organization. 14 The parties are strongly leader oriented and directed. Sometimes all the candidates for national parliamentary elections are hand picked by the party leader and his or her closest aides.
The rural population normally is only engaged in civil activities for or against specific measures of the state or economic organization such as the protest actions against Eurogold in the Bergama region or the Akkuyu power plant that directly affect their living conditions. Civic activities that go beyond single-issue protest actions do not have a tradition in Turkish society. However, the situation is changing in urban areas and will spread to the countryside as well. This takes time, but it seems to be an irresistable development.