Download 500 Years of New Words. the fascinating story of how, when, by Bill Sherk PDF

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By Bill Sherk

500 Years of recent Words takes you on a thrilling trip throughout the English language from the times prior to Shakespeare to the 1st decade of the twenty first century. all of the major entries are prepared no longer alphabetically through in chronological order according to the earliest recognized yr that every observe used to be revealed or written down.

Beginning with "America" in 1507 and spanning the centuries to "Marsiphobiphiliac" in 2004 (a one who would like to visit Mars yet is frightened of being marooned there), this e-book will be opened at any web page and the reader will find a remarkable array of linguistic delights. In different phrases, this booklet is unputdownable (the major access for 1947). If Shakespeare have been alive this day, he might purchase this e-book.

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For all entries older than the year 1500, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary simply indicates the century it dates from, instead of the specific year. ’ asked a skeptic in the crowd. ’” 1505 BOUNDER / HUSSY For this year, you get two words for the price of one. The first refers to a man and the second to a woman. Both words are uncomplimentary. ” The word cad is fully capitalized in this definition to let you know that it can be found as a main entry elsewhere in the same dictionary. ” It derives from the Middle English huswif (housewife).

Thanks to the Renaissance of classical learning that began in Italy in the 1400s, a multitude of new words poured into English from Latin and Greek, including drama, sincere, peninsula, circus, satellite, democracy, stigma and catapult. Thanks to the religious struggles, words like scapegoat, papist and puritan became part of the everyday vocabulary. Recurrent outbreaks of disease contributed words like smallpox, gonorrhea and virus. But the biggest influx of new words came from the geographical discoveries made possible by the daring sailors and navigators who set out from the seaports of England in search of glory, gold and God.

In 1611 satellite took on a new meaning when the German astronomer Johannes Kepler applied the term to the four largest moons of Jupiter, discovered the year before by the Italian astronomer Galileo. Kepler’s choice was a good one because those moons follow the mighty planet Jupiter around the sun just as faithfully as those hangers-on in the streets of Rome. 1549 BLOCKHEAD In bygone centuries, hats and wigs, when not being worn, were often mounted on a block of wood of the same shape as the head of the person who wore them.

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